18 March 2019

DSP Mobile Is Here!


Deep-Sky Planner Mobile Edition has been submitted to Apple and Google for review! Any issues identified by their processes will need to be addressed before the app is released to the respective app stores.

[Update: DSPME is now available from both Apple and Google ]

What to expect

Users will receive a native code app (not a web app) that runs on Android 4.4+ and iOS 11+. The app has been adapted to fit both tablet and phone form factors. The phone-sized screen is packed with data and special user interface capabilities to help present the data in a usable way. The additional screen space of tablets is also used to advantage.

The native code app performs ephemeral calculations so that you know where objects are in the sky at any time and place. These ephemeral calculations provide other advantages too like accurate double star ephemerides; planet, sun, moon, asteroid and comet ephemerides; predicted extrema for variable stars. Along with all of these ephemeral calculations comes real-time data filtering and sorting.

The entire Plan and Equipment Libraries are available to the app so there is no shortage of observing resources. Please stay tuned for updated status.



Home screen in night vision style, iPad 9.7"

Plan screen in night vision style, Samsung Galaxy S7 Android phone


Plan screen in Wedgewood style, iPhone 6s
Plan screen in Calypso style, Nexus 7 Android tablet
Plan Library screen in BunkerGray style, iPad tablet
Cloud Import screen in BunkerGray style, iPad tablet

14 February 2019

DSP Mobile: Test Progress

Testing of Deep-Sky Planner Mobile (DSPME) has been underway for several weeks. All app features have been implemented so testing is focused on bugs and usability issues. We have been working mostly with tablets so far, but adjustment for phones is underway.

Community screen on Android phone
The attached screen shot shows the latest observing plans uploaded to the Deep-Sky Planner Community. You can read more about this feature in our previous post.

We have found that a small tablet is perhaps the best form factor (device size) for the app. Small tablets have enough 'screen real estate' to show details while remaining small enough to be held conveniently. Small tablets currently used in testing include the 8" Samsung tablet and the iPad Mini.

We will continue to adjust the user interface for usability on phones. An update on that progress will follow in a week or two.


22 January 2019

DSP Mobile: Plan & Equipment Libraries

As mention in an earlier post, Deep-Sky Planner Mobile Edition (DSPME) allows you to browse and import plans from the Plan Library in the Deep-Sky Planner Community at knightware.biz. This post discusses this and the ability to import equipment lists from the Community.

Accessing plans and equipment lists (resources) online is a simple process: first, you download a list of available resources, and then you can download the resource and store it on your device. Any of these resources can be deleted later if you like.

[Note: Screenshots for this post were made on a 10" iPad tablet with the BunkerGray app style. The Community is running on a test server.]

The Latest Plans in the Community

You can scroll through the list of plans to review them, and tap Get when you want to download one. The plan is stored on your device and can be opened with Plans on Device.

Browsing and downloading equipment lists works similarly. The screenshot below shows the equipment lists available from the Community. The equipment lists can be sorted by manufacturer or by type [instruments, eyepieces, filters, barlows/reducers, observers, cameras].

Equipment Lists in the Community

You can browse these lists and tap Get to retrieve the equipment list you want. The equipment is stored on your device and may be viewed with Equipment.

14 January 2019

DSP Mobile: Settings

Deep-Sky Planner Mobile Edition (DSPME) provides a Settings screen for displaying and modifying app-wide settings. At the moment, it contains configuration options for the download and display of Digitized Sky Survey (DSS) images, and it contains your selection of the application's display style.

[Screenshots were produced on a 10" iPad using the RegalBlue or BlackRed (nightvision) style.]

DSS Options


DSPME allows you to download DSS images for the objects in your observing plans. When you download DSS images, the size of the image is automatically selected based on the size of the object in the plan. For objects that do not have a size metric (like stars), a default size value can be set.

DSS Settings: Image Size and Invert Colors
You can also choose to invert the colors of the image when it is displayed. The default is white on black; inverted produces black on white.

DSS image of M 31 shown with inverted colors

DSS image of M 31 shown with normal colors
DSS images are served from 2 different websites. If one is unavailable temporarily, you can choose the other.

App Style

Several styles are provided with DSPME. You can choose the one that suits your taste. The BlackRed (nightvision) style is included to help keep your eyes dark-adapted. This style should be used along with brightness settings for your device screen to yield a useful display in a dark environment.

Plan displayed in BlackRed (nightvision) style

07 January 2019

DSP Mobile: Sky Conditions

Deep-Sky Planner Mobile Edition (DSPME) allows you to record the sky conditions when you observe. These conditions - darkness, transparency and seeing - play a role in calculating visibility models for different kinds of objects. The first two metrics are used to determine whether you can see extended object like galaxies, globular clusters and nebulae. The latter is used to predict whether you can split a pair of double stars. Note that these predictions pertain to visual observing, not imaging.

[Note: Screenshot for this post was made on a 7" Android tablet with the Diamond app style.]

Conditions: Darkness, Transparency and Seeing

The various Sky Conditions should be set for each observing session because these metrics change over time. In fact, they change constantly so you may want to change these several times while you observe.

Darkness is entered in magnitudes per square arcsecond  (MPSAS). This value is readily available from Unihedron's Sky Quality Meter. Naked-eye limiting magnitude (NELM) is also shown, and you can use it to estimate MPSAS. Lastly, the Light Pollution Atlas Zone color[1] is displayed for the MPSAS and NELM values These 3 values can be used together to provide an objective assessment of sky darkness to DSPME.

Transparency can be determined objectively from the aerosol optical depth (AOD) at your observing time and place, or you can use the subjective scale. AOD information is available from various services online, including IDEA[2].

Seeing is a well-known metric to double star observers. A value can be entered in a subjective scale which links a description to the Antoniadi and Pickering scales.

These sky conditions are required for some of the visibility models. Once you have entered all the required components (equipment, observer, conditions), you can use the visibility models in DSPME to help predict your observing results.



[1] The New World Atlas of Artificial Sky Brightness, https://cires.colorado.edu/Artificial-light

[2] IDEA (Infusing satellite Data into Environmental air quality Applications) is a NASA - EPA - NOAA partnership, https://www.star.nesdis.noaa.gov/smcd/spb/aq/ 

31 December 2018

DSP Mobile: Observing Equipment

Welcome back from the holidays! Our story continues ...

Your equipment and observer information can be added into Deep-Sky Planner Mobile Edition (DSPME) so that you can review the metrics of your complete setup - total magnification, field of view (for imaging & viewing) etc. The equipment information is also used by the visibility model when it calculates a prediction of whether you can see an object.

[Note: Screenshots for this post were made on a 9.7" iPad tablet with the Regal Blue app style.]

Owners of the Desktop Edition can export their equipment and observer data to files, and transfer them to a cloud service. These files may be imported into DSPME using the Cloud Import feature as described in a previous post.


Import equipment from Cloud
Important:
Entering equipment and observer data directly into DSPME will be available in a future release.


Once equipment data has been transferred to DSPME, use the Equipment feature to select your combination of equipment. Selections are indicated by the checkmark; the summary of the equipment combination is shown in the right pane.

Equipment selections

The selections made in Equipment are used to predict an object's visibility when the plan is opened. The data item Vis Pred shown below is the result of the visibility model calculation. Note that the visibility prediction applies only to visual equipment combinations. No prediction is calculated for imaging combinations.

Visibility Prediction shown in a Plan

Next time, we'll look at the Conditions feature which is also required for the visibility model to predict whether you might see an object.

17 December 2018

DSP Mobile: Observing Locations

Any astronomical application must use the observer's location to produce accurate calculations. Deep-Sky Planner Mobile Edition (DSPME) is no different, and it provides 3 ways to set your observing location.

[Note: Screenshots for this post were made on a 9.7" iPad tablet with the Nightvision app style.]

Provided Locations

Over 400 locations ship with DSPME. You can browse the list and choose a location to be your observing location. If you need a location that is not provided in the database, you can add it by importing a file, or you can add one manually.

Import Locations

To import locations, you export locations to a file in Deep-Sky Planner Desktop Edition and store it on a Cloud Service. Next, you import the file using the Import from Cloud feature. The locations file is downloaded to your device and the locations in the file are imported into the app's database. Locations with duplicate site names are not imported.

Import from Cloud: Adding locations by importing

Enter Manually

To add a location to the database manually, use the Locations feature. You can add a New location, Edit an existing one or Delete an existing one.

Add or Edit a new location

If your device has location services (network location or GPS), you can read location information from the sensor and save it to a location.

Use location services - network info or GPS
If you need to revert to the original set of locations that shipped with DSPME, you can Restore Default so that you don't have to uninstall and reinstall the app to get a clean database.